Selenium WebDriver Tutorial 1

Introduction to Selenium WebDriver

i) Introducing Selenium WebDriver

ii) Selenium WebDriver Environment Setup

iii) Write first Selenium Test Case
i) Introducing Selenium WebDriver

Selenium Tool's Suite
    Selenium IDE
    Selenium RC
    Selenium WebDriver
    Selenium Grid
Selenium WebDriver

> In 2006 Selenium WebDriver was launched at Google.

> In 2008, the whole Selenium team decided to merge Selenium Webdriver with Selenium RC in order to form more powerful tool called Selenium 2.0.

Selenium 1.0 + Selenium WebDriver  = Selenium 2.0

Selenium 1.0

(Selenium IDE + Selenium RC + Selenium Grid)

Selenium 2.0

(Selenium IDE + Selenium RC + Selenium WebDriver + Selenium Grid)

Note: Now Selenium RC is only for maintenance projects.
Selenium WebDriver Features

> It is a most important tool in Selenium suite.

> It has Programming interface only, no IDE.
Selenium IDE - we can create Test cases using Recording features and enhance Test cases using Selenese commands. (No Programming)

Selenium WebDriver - we can create Test cases using Element locators and Webdriver methods/commands. And we can use programming features to enhance Test cases.

UFT/QTP - we can create Tests using Tool features (Recording) and enhance Test cases using Tool features (Checkpoints, Output values etc...) as well as Script/Program features (Conditional statements, Loop statements functions etc...).
> Selenium WebDriver supports various programming languages to write programs (Test Scripts)


> Selenium WebDriver supports various Browsers to create and execute Test cases.

Mozilla Firefox

Google Chrome



Opera etc...
> Selenium WebDriver supports various operating environments.

MS Windows


Macintosh etc...
> Selenium WebDriver supports Data Driven Testing and Cross Browser Testing

> Selenium WebDriver is faster in execution than other tools of Selenium suite.

> Selenium WebDriver supports parallel test execution with the help of either JUnit or TestNG framework.

> Selenium WebDriver supports Batch Testing with the help of either JUnit or TestNG framework.
Drawbacks of Selenium WebDriver:

> Selenium WebDriver doesn't have IDE (takes more time and more efforts to create Test cases)

> No built in Result Reporting facility.

> No other tool integration for Test Management.
How we create Test Cases / Test Scripts / Tests in Selenium WebDriver

Selenium IDE:

Using Element locators and Selenese (Selenium IDE) Commands.

Selenium WebDriver

Using element Locators and WebDriver Methods /Commands.


Using Objects Information and Test Methods.
Element Locators - to recognize elements /objects.

WebDriver Methods/Commands - to perform operations on elements.
Java Programming - to enhance Test cases.

JUnit / TestNG Framework - to group Test cases, batch testing and generating Test Reports.
ii) Selenium WebDriver Environment Setup


i) Download and install Java (JDK) software. - To create and execute programs (Test scripts)

ii) Set Environment variable path (Path Variable) - To use Java from any directory.

iii) Download Eclipse IDE and extract. - To write and execute Java programs.
iv) Download Selenium WebDriver Java Language binding (from and add WebDriver jar files to Java project in Eclipse IDE.
v) Install Firebug and Firepath plug ins for Mozilla Firefox Browser to inspect elements.

Or Use built in tools to inspect elements

Mozilla Firefox - Page Inspector

Chrome, IE - Developer tools
vi) Firefox Driver is default driver in Selenium Webdriver, for IE, Chrome and Safari etc... Browsers we need to download browser drivers and set path.
Download Selenium WebDriver Java language binding and extract.

Add Selenium WebDriver jar files to Java project in Eclipse IDE.


Create Java Project
> Select Java project and right click
> Build path
> Configure Build path
> Select Libraries tab
> Click "external jars"
> Browse path of Selenium Webdriver jars.
> Add
Create Selenium WebDriver Test Case

> Import WebDriver and Firefox/IE/Chrome libraries. (In The Test Case/Program)

> Using Element locators and WebDriver Commands/methods write Test steps.

> Insert Java programming statements to enhance Test cases.
iii) Write first Selenium Test Case

Manual Test Case:

Test Case ID: gcrshop_admin_TC001

Test Case Name: Verify Admin Login in GCR Shop web portal

Test Steps:
i) Launch the Browser and navigate to ""
ii) Enter User name
iii) Enter Password
iv) Click "Login" Button

Input Data / Test Data:
User name =admin
Password = admin@123

Expected URL: ""

Actual URL:

Test Result: Pass
Selenium WebDriver Test Case:

public static void main(String[] args) {
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();//Launches Firefox Browser with blank url.
driver.get("");//Naviage to Admin home page

String url = driver.getCurrentUrl();

if (url.equals("")){
System.out.println("Login Successful - Passed");   
else {
System.out.println("Login Unsuccessful - Failed");
driver.close();//Closes the Browser